Gibbons v. Ogden is a Supreme Court case that adopted an expansive view of the scope of the Commerce Clause by holding that Congress had the power to. A New York state law gave Robert R. Livingston and Robert Fulton a year monopoly over navigation on waters within state jurisdiction. Aaron Ogden and. Citation: Supreme Court Decree in Gibbons v. Ogden, ; Records of the Supreme Court of the United States; Record Group ; National Archives.
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Gibbons v. Ogden
The gibbons v ogden element may be as legitimately used as the other for every commercial purpose authorized by the laws of the Union, and the act of a State inhibiting the use of either to any vessel having a license under the act of Congress comes, we think, in direct collision with that act.
Gibbons v ogden this decides the cause, it is unnecessary to enter in an examination of that part of the Constitution which empowers Congress to promote the progress of science and the useful arts. The Court is aware that, in stating the train of reasoning by which we have been conducted to this result, much time has been consumed in the attempt to demonstrate propositions which may have been thought axioms.
It is felt that the tediousness inseparable from the endeavour to prove that which is already clear is imputable to Page 22 U.
- Gibbons v. Ogden - Wikipedia
- Gibbons v. Ogden | law case |
- Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1 (1824)
- About the materials
But it was unavoidable. The conclusion to which we have come depends on a chain of principles which it was necessary to preserve unbroken, and although some of them were thought nearly self-evident, the magnitude of the question, the weight of character belonging to those from gibbons v ogden judgment we dissent, and the argument at the bar demanded that we should assume nothing.
Powerful and ingenious minds, taking as postulates that the powers expressly granted to the government of the Union are to be contracted by construction into the narrowest possible compass and that the original powers of the States are retained if any possible construction will retain them may, by a course of gibbons v ogden digested but refined and metaphysical reasoning founded on these premises, explain away the Constitution of our country and leave it a magnificent structure indeed to look at, but totally unfit for gibbons v ogden.
Gibbons v. Ogden :: 22 U.S. 1 :: Justia US Supreme Court Center
They may so entangle and perplex the understanding as to obscure principles which were before thought quite plain, and induce doubts where, if the mind were to pursue its own course, none would be perceived.
In such a case, it is peculiarly necessary to recur to gibbons v ogden and fundamental principles to sustain those principles, and when sustained, to make them the tests of the arguments to be examined. The judgment entered by the Court in this cause, has my entire approbation, but, having adopted my conclusions on views Page 22 U.
I have also another inducement: In attempts to construe the Constitution, I have never found much benefit resulting from the inquiry whether the whole or any part of it is to be construed strictly or literally.
The simple, classical, precise, yet comprehensive language in which it is couched leaves, at most, but very little latitude gibbons v ogden construction, and when its intent and meaning is discovered, nothing remains gibbons v ogden to execute the will of those who made it in the best manner to effect the purposes intended.
Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court
The great and paramount purpose was to unite this mass of wealth and power, gibbons v ogden the protection of the humblest individual, his rights, civil and political, his interests and prosperity, are the sole end; the rest are nothing but the means.
But the principal of those means, one so essential as to gibbons v ogden nearer the characteristics of an end, was the independence and harmony of the States that they may the better subserve the purposes of cherishing and protecting the respective families of this great republic.
The strong sympathies, rather than the feeble government, which bound the States together during a common war dissolved on the return of peace, and the very principles which gave rise to the war of the revolution began to threaten the Page 22 U.
The States had resisted a tax imposed by the parent State, and now reluctantly submitted to, or altogether rejected, the moderate demands of the Confederation. Everyone recollects the painful and threatening discussions which arose on the subject of the five percent. Some States rejected it altogether; others insisted on collecting it themselves; scarcely any acquiesced without reservations, which deprived it altogether of the character of a national measure; and at length, some repealed the laws by which they had signified their acquiescence.
For a century, the States had submitted, with murmurs, to the commercial restrictions imposed by the parent State; and now, finding themselves in the unlimited possession of those powers over their own commerce which they had so long been deprived of and so earnestly coveted, gibbons v ogden selfish principle which, well controlled, is so salutary, and which, unrestricted, is so unjust and tyrannical, guided by inexperience and jealousy, began to show itself in iniquitous laws and impolitic measures from which grew up a conflict of commercial regulations destructive to the harmony of the States and fatal to their commercial interests abroad.
gibbons v ogden
This was the immediate cause that led to the forming of a convention. As early asthe subject had been pressed upon the attention of Congress by a memorial from the State of New Jersey, and inwe find a resolution presented to that body by one of Page 22 U.
Witherspoon, affirming that "it is indispensably necessary that the United States, in Congress assembled, should be vested with a right of superintending the commercial regulations of every State that none may take place that shall be partial or contrary to the common interests.
Madison's resolution, which led to that measure, is introduced by a preamble gibbons v ogden explicit to this point: The history of the times will therefore sustain the opinion that the grant of power over commerce, gibbons v ogden intended to be commensurate with the evils existing and the purpose of remedying those Page 22 U.